Effects of nutritional supplement E-Sel on the Egg production, Fertility, and Hatchability of Indian peafowl


  • Aqeel ur Rehman Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University Lahore
  • Uzma Rafi Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University Lahore
  • Roheela Yasmeen Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University Lahore
  • Muhammad Fayyaz Veterinary Officer Wildlife Park Rahim Yar Khan




Egg productions, fertility, general behavior, hatchability, Indian peafowl, Supplementations


Indian Peafowl is distributed in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka and its population is declining for a few decades due to fragmentation, habitat loss, poaching, contaminated feed, etc. Deficiency in dietary requirements such as vitamins and minerals are key issues in poultry nutrition which ultimately results in poor egg production, fertility, and hatchability. The present research work was designed to see the effects of E-Sel a supplement on egg production and general behavior (calling, feeding, and standing time) of the Indian peafowl. The study was conducted in the wildlife Park Rahim Yar Khan (Punjab) from Nov-2020 to May 2021 on Indian peafowl that was kept in captivity. Birds were categorized into two groups i.e., control and experimental. Each group was further composed of 3 males and 9 females in 1:3 ratios. Body weights of birds and trail size in males were also recorded at the start and end of the study period. It was observed that the supplementations have very significant effects (P<0.05) on egg production and maximum egg fertility and hatchability of 91% was noticed in the experimental group as compared to the control. The behavior of the two groups was also monitored during this period and no changes were seen in the feeding time of males of both groups while females of the experimental groups spent more time feeding as compared to the control group. However, in standing activity time no differences were noticed in both groups and in calling activity experimental group showed obvious differences from the control. A significant difference in body weight and male tail or train size was also recorded. It was concluded supplements have good impacts on body weight and male tail size, egg production, fertility, and hatchability.


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How to Cite

ur Rehman, A. ., Rafi, U. ., Yasmeen, R. ., & Fayyaz, M. . (2022). Effects of nutritional supplement E-Sel on the Egg production, Fertility, and Hatchability of Indian peafowl. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 7(4), 90–100. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7043125